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How to Treat Fish Diseases

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Updated: 2009-12-09 11:44 PM 1958 Views    Category: Health
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Sometimes the healthiest fish become victims of disease. Some fish diseases are easy to treat,where others are deadly. Keep this article by your tank at all times, in case your tank gets infected.
1. Learn the Symptoms of Disease. If you see any of the following symptoms, test your water, if anything is out of place do a 50% water change. 
- Heavy breathing
- Inactivity
- Fish won't eat
- Scratching itself on rocks,ornaments,anything it can find
- Scales are pointed outward like a pine cone
- Bloated belly
- Loss of color
- Stringy/Cottony patches on the body
2. Make a preliminary Diagnosis. If your fish has any of the symptoms above use them to find out what disease you might be dealing with.Before treatment with medication,remove the carbon from your filters,carbon will absorb the meds and won't help treatment.
Fungal Infection. This is seen as white stringy/cottony patches on the fish's skin. To treat, add a anti-fungus.
Fin and Tail Rot, the fish's tail/fins start becoming shorter, this disease is more commonly seen in long-finned fish like bettas. To treat, do a 50% water change and add an antibiotic such as ampicillin, in mild cases you can try maracyn 1 and 2 together at half dose each.
Ich. Ich appears as white dots all over the fish's body it is contagious so you need to treat the whole tank,first raise the temperature to 85F add some aquarium salt and aquarisol.
Velvet, small gold specks on the fish, treat the same ass ich.
Popeye, one or both eyes will protrude from the eye socket, to treat add ampicillin.
Dropsy, the fish's scales will protrude like a pine cone, treat with maracyn 2 and clean water.
External parasites, the fish will dart and scratch on anything it can, treat with a medication such as BettaZing (even if your fish aren't bettas) or Clout.
Internal Parasites, a fish may be losing weight even though it is eating. You can try BettaZing.
Bacterial Infection, this can be seen by inactivity and red patches on the body, treat with ampicillin.
Tuberculosis, Don't worry the worst thing it can do is give you a skin infection,but nothing worse.It mimics a lot of other diseases making it hard to diagnose.If you find a large amount of dead fish in your tanks it might be tuberculosis,there is no treatment,you will have to throw out all tank,and equipment.
Inflamed gills. The fish's gills won't close all the way or may turn red. Treat with ampicillin.
3. Sanatizing Your Tank. First move all your fish to the hospital tank,Rinse your gravel in a strainer,rinse it under hot water.Fill your tank up with tap water,put in plastic plants,your heater and filter.Add a solution of Formalin3.Let it sit for a few days.Rinse out everything,also replace the filter cartride and cycle your tank again before adding fish.
4. Prevent Common Diseases. It is always better to prevent than treat, feed a varied diet, change the water frequently, and have a fish first aid kit ready at all times.
Prevention is better than treating.
Have a simple Fish-First-Aid-Kit ready at all times
Be extremely careful with medications and NEVER over-medicate.
Things You Will Need:
- Ampicillin

- Maracyn 1 and 2

- BettaZing or Clout

- Anti fungul

- Anti parasitic

- Formalin3


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